January 31, 2018 – Buff-breasted Flycatcher (Empidonax fulvifrons)
Found from southeastern Arizona south through Mexico and into parts of Central America, these small flycatchers live in open pine forests. They eat arthropods, catching them in short flights from perches, while hovering, or on the ground. Females build nests in trees from spiderwebs, rootlets, leaves, lichens, bark, feathers, grasses, and pine needles. They incubate the eggs alone, but both parents feed the chicks. Occasional forest fires may create necessary nesting habitat for these birds.
January 30, 2018 – Red-crested Finch or Red Pileated-finch (Coryphospingus cucullatus)
These tanagers are found in a large range in central South America, with small populations in Peru, the Guianas, and northeastern Brazil. Little is known about their diet, but they forage on the ground and in low vegetation, forming mixed-species flocks with seed-eating birds outside of the breeding season. Breeding between November and February, they build cup-shaped nests from small twigs, vine stems, dry grasses, lichens, and other materials.
January 23, 2018 – Rufous-fronted Bushtit or Rufous-fronted Tit (Aegithalos iouschistos)
These bushtits are found in forest edges in a narrow band along the southern flank of the Himalayas. They are considered part of a superspecies, along with the Black-browed Bushtit and White-throated Bushtit. Foraging in small groups in the canopy and undergrowth, they feed mostly on insects, including their eggs and larvae, and some plant foods. Foraging flocks separate into breeding pairs between March and July.
January 19, 2018 – Ryukyu Minivet (Pericrocotus tegimae)
These minivets are found on Japan’s Ryukyu and Tokara islands and have recently expanded into southern Japan. Their diet and foraging behaviors have not been studied, but they may feed on invertebrates. Primarily found in evergreen and mixed deciduous forests, they are also found in suburban settings. Little is known about their breeding behaviors, which may begin as early as March. Nests have been found constructed as high as 36 feet (11 meters) above the ground.
January 15, 2018 – Plumbeous Vireo (Vireo plumbeus)
These vireos are found in the southwestern United States through parts of Mexico and into Central America. They mostly eat insects, along with some fruit in the winter. Foraging slowly among the foliage, they pluck their insect prey from leaves and twigs or catch it in the air. They build their nests in the forks of trees from spiderweb, bark, grasses, roots, hair, and other plant materials.
January 11, 2018 – African Olive Pigeon or Rameron Pigeon (Columba arquatrix)
These pigeons are found in scattered areas of eastern and southern Africa and parts of the Middle East. Their diet is primarily made up of the fruits of various trees, as well as some seeds and insects. Foraging mostly in the canopy, they may fly long distances to find food. Females build nests using twigs and leaves gathered by their mates. Both parents incubate the eggs and feed the chicks.
January 7, 2018 – Little Lorikeet (Glossopsitta pusilla)
These small parrots are found in open wooded areas of eastern and southeastern Australia. Feeding on pollen, nectar, and blossoms, as well as some fruits, they forage acrobatically in the canopy, often hanging upside down to reach flowers. Pairs nest in hollow tree limbs or cavities, usually in live eucalyptus trees, often near water. In years when food is abundant they may nest twice.