September 26, 2018 – Southern Pochard (Netta erythrophthalma)
These ducks are found in Africa from Eritrea to South Africa and in South America in a spotty range from Venezuela to Argentina and in parts of eastern Brazil. They eat mostly seeds, along with the roots, stems, and leaves of aquatic plants and occasionally some insects and other invertebrates. Usually breeding near the end of the wet season, they build their nests from various plant materials, hidden in papyrus, reeds, sedges, or other vegetation.
September 22, 2018 – White-winged Coot (Fulica leucoptera)
These coots are found in inland wetlands of southern South America in parts of Chile, Bolivia, Paraguay, Brazil, Uruguay, and Argentina. They feed mostly on aquatic weeds, usually foraging at the water’s surface, but sometimes diving or upending. Like other coot species, they build floating platform nests from vegetation.
September 18, 2018 – Antarctic Prion, Totorore, Dove Prion, or Whalebird (Pachyptila desolata)
Breeding on islands in the southern oceans, including the Crozet, Auckland, and South Sandwich islands, among others, these prions can be seen as far north as Peru. Foraging in flocks of thousands, they eat small crustaceans, squid, fish, and gastropods, capturing their prey near the water’s surface while running, flying, swimming, or diving. Monogamous pairs breed in large colonies, nesting in burrows or crevices in rocks. Both parents incubate the single egg and feed the chick.
September 14, 2018 – Long-toed Stint (Calidris subminuta)
Breeding in a fragmented range in Russia and across northern Asia, these sandpipers winter in much of Southeast Asia and parts of South Asia and Australia. They feed on insects, small mollusks, crustaceans, and possibly seeds. Nesting from early June to July, pairs incubate clutches of three to five eggs in scrapes lined with grasses and leaves.
September 10, 2018 – White-shouldered Ibis or Davison’s Ibis (Pseudibis davisoni)
These ibises were once found in a larger area of Southeast Asia but are now seen only in a tiny, fragmented range in parts of northern Cambodia, southern Laos, and southern Borneo. They feed on a variety of vertebrate and invertebrate prey, including amphibians, insects, eels, snakes, and leeches. Possibly breeding from September to December, they build their nests in trees, laying clutches of two to four eggs. They are classified as Critically Endangered by the IUCN due mostly to habitat destruction, as well as hunting and human disturbance. Their current population is estimated at around 670 adult birds.
September 6, 2018 – Sooty Gull or Hemprich’s Gull (Larus hemprichii)
These gulls are found in and around the coasts of the Red Sea, Gulf of Aden, Persian Gulf, and Gulf of Oman as far east as southern Pakistan and as far south as northern Kenya. They eat dead fish and offal, along with the eggs and chicks of other seabirds, turtle hatchlings, small fish, and prawns. Pairs usually nest in colonies, sometimes with other species, building scrapes on the ground.
September 2, 2018 – Barred Rail (Gallirallus torquatus)
These rails are found in the Philippines and Indonesia. They spend most of their time in open grasslands and swamps, including rice and corn fields. Little is known about their diet, but many rails feed on invertebrates. Building their nests on the ground, they lay clutches of three to five eggs.