November 25, 2018 – Antarctic Petrel (Thalassoica antarctica)
Breeding in Antarctica, these petrels spend much of their time around the continent, ranging as far north as southern South America, South Africa, southern Australia, and New Zealand. They eat fish, krill, and some squid, plucking prey from the surface or plunging into the water to capture it. They are usually found in large flocks, often with other species, foraging around ships. Breeding in dense colonies on rock faces or cliffs, females lay a single egg in a shallow bowl-shaped nest lined with stones. Both parents incubate the egg and feed the chick. As the colonies frequently contain more females than males, non-breeding females often help others raise their chicks to gain experience.
November 21, 2018 – Bronze-winged Duck or Spectacled Duck (Speculanas specularis)
Found from southern Chile and central Argentina south to Tierra del Fuego, these ducks breed near rivers, fast-flowing streams, and lakes, in forested areas. They eat seeds, leaves, roots, and stems of aquatic plants, along with some aquatic invertebrates and leaf litter. Breeding between September and November, they incubate their eggs for about 30 days. They are classified as Near Threatened by the IUCN, due to predation, pressure from tourism, and fish farming and stocking in Chilean rivers.
November 17, 2018 – Lesser Whistling-duck, Lesser Tree Duck, Indian Whistling-duck, or Javan Whistling-duck (Dendrocygna javanica)
These ducks are found in much of South and Southeast Asia from Pakistan east to southeastern China and as far south as Indonesia. They eat mostly grasses, rice, seeds, and shoots of water plants, as well as some small vertebrates and invertebrates. Breeding at the start of the rainy season, they nest in tree cavities, in the old nests of other species, or sometimes on the ground. Both parents incubate the eggs.
November 13, 2018 – Striated Heron, Mangrove Heron, Little Heron, or Green-backed Heron (Butorides striata)
Sometimes grouped with the Lava Heron and occasionally also the Green Heron as the Green-backed Heron, these small herons are found in parts of Australia, South America, Africa, Asia, and on some Pacific islands. They eat crustaceans, mollusks, small fish, insects, worms, frogs, reptiles, and sometimes other birds, stalking their prey slowly, then stabbing it with their bills. Pairs build rough platform nests from sticks in bushes or trees over water. Both parents incubate the eggs and care for the chicks, sometimes raising two or three broods a season.
November 9, 2018 – Sooty Oystercatcher (Haematopus fuliginosus)
These oystercatchers are found along the coasts of much of Australia. They eat a variety of marine animals, including mollusks, crustaceans, marine worms, starfish, sea urchins, and fish, using their beaks to stab, lever, or hammer prey. Breeding in colonies, pairs build scrape nests on rocky shores and cliffs. Both parents incubate the eggs and care for the chicks.
November 5, 2018 – Green Sandpiper (Tringa ochropus)
Breeding in northern Eurasia, these sandpipers winter in parts of the Mediterranean, Africa, the Middle East, and much of South and Southeast Asia. They eat aquatic and terrestrial insects and their larvae, worms, crustaceans, spiders, fish, and some plant foods, picking their prey from the mud as they walk along the edges of small pools of water. Breeding between April and June, they nest in trees, often reusing the nests of other bird species, such as those of Fieldfares, crows, and shrikes. Both parents incubate the eggs and care for the chicks.
November 1, 2018 – Southern Silvery Grebe (Podiceps occipitalis)
Found in southern South America and the Falkland Islands, these grebes are often lumped with Northern Silvery Grebes into a single species, known simply as the Silvery Grebe. Although they are usually found in freshwater habitats, they sometimes forage in saline and hypersaline lakes (lakes with salt levels similar to or higher than seawater). They eat small invertebrates, particularly insects and their larvae. Breeding colonially, they build their nests on floating mats of vegetation, mostly laying their eggs between November and January.