November 25, 2017 – Orange-breasted Fruiteater (Pipreola jucunda)
These cotingas are found on the western slope of the Andes in parts of Colombia and Ecuador. They eat fruit, gathered while perching or hovering, and sometimes join mixed-species flocks. Their cup-shaped nests are built in trees.
November 21, 2017 – Spectacled Spiderhunter (Arachnothera flavigaster)
These large spiderhunters are found in parts of southern Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia, Vietnam, and possibly southern Myanmar. They eat insects, spiders, pollen, fruit, and nectar, usually foraging alone or in pairs and occasionally gathering in larger groups near fruit sources. Their nests are made from plant fibers attached to the underside of leaves with spiderweb. Both parents incubate the eggs.
November 17, 2017 – Fiery-browed Starling, Flame-browed Starling, or Fiery-browed Myna (Enodes erythrophris)
These starlings are found in forests on the island of Sulawesi in Indonesia. They eat fruit and invertebrates. Little is known about their breeding habits, though they may be cavity nesters. They are classified as a species of Least Concern by the IUCN, but their population is probably decreasing because of habitat loss and fragmentation.
November 13, 2017 – Orange-footed Scrubfowl or Orange-footed Megapode (Megapodius reinwardt)
These megapodes are found in parts of Indonesia, New Guinea, and northern Australia. They eat mostly plant foods, including seeds, berries, roots, fruits, shoots, and flowers, along with some invertebrates and small vertebrates. Breeding during and after rains, they build large nest mounds, using the heat produced by decaying plant material to incubate their eggs. The chicks dig themselves out of the mounds after hatching and are developed enough to run immediately and fly very short distances soon after.
November 9, 2017 – Whitehead’s Trogon (Harpactes whiteheadi)
These trogons are found only in the Bornean mountains in Indonesia and Malaysia. They eat mostly insects, including grasshoppers, ants, leaf-insects, and stick-insects. Nesting in cavities, both parents care for the chicks. They are classified as Near Threatened by the IUCN as their population is thought to be decreasing, possibly due to habitat loss and other unknown threats.
November 5, 2017 – Collared Lory or Collared Lorikeet (Phigys solitarius)
These parrots are found only in Fiji, where they are the national bird. Their diet is highly specialized and consists mainly of fruit, seeds, nectar, and blossoms, such as those of the Coconut Palm and African Tulip tree. Often seen in pairs or small groups, they have begun moving from tropical forests into urban areas of Fiji. Their nests are built in tree hollows, or sometimes in rotting coconuts still hanging from the tree.
November 1, 2017 – Oriental Pied Hornbill (Anthracoceros albirostris)
These hornbills are found in parts of South and Southeast Asia, as well as southern China. Their diet is mostly fruit, along with some insects, other invertebrates, and small vertebrates. Nesting in tree cavities, they form monogamous pairs which can be territorial. As in other hornbill species, females seal themselves into the nest cavity for much of the incubation period.