July 31, 2018 – Black Bee-eater (Merops gularis)
These bee-eaters are found in the western regions of central Africa. Their diet is made up of flying insects, which they catch in the air. These include honeybees, wasps, ants, and butterflies. Pairs build their nests in burrows in sandy cliffs.
July 27, 2018 – Yellow-browed Tody-flycatcher (Todirostrum chrysocrotaphum)
Found in parts of Colombia, Brazil, Ecuador, Peru, Venezuela, and Bolivia, these tyrant-flycatchers form a superspecies with the Black-headed Tody-Flycatcher and Painted Tody-Flycatcher. They feed on insects, foraging in pairs or alone, high in the forest canopy. Pairs build round hanging nests, where females typically lay two eggs.
July 23, 2018 – White-crested Turaco (Tauraco leucolophus)
These turacos are found in forests in central Africa from southeast Nigeria to western Kenya. Feeding mainly on fruits, flowers, leaves, and seeds, they also eat some snails and insects. They build flimsy platform nests from twigs and sticks where both parents incubate the eggs and care for the chicks. As in other turaco species, their feathers contain copper-based pigments.
July 19, 2018 – White-starred Robin or Starred Robin (Pogonocichla stellata)
These birds in the Old World Flycatcher family are found in forested areas of eastern and southeastern Africa. They eat small invertebrates, including beetles, moths, and ants, as well as some fruits, picking prey items from the foliage or catching them in the air or on the ground. Females build the domed nests from dry leaves, tendrils, rootlets, moss, ferns, flowers, and hair, often on slopes or near the trunks of trees. They incubate the eggs alone and brood the chicks for the first few days of their lives. Both parents feed the chicks.
July 15, 2018 – White-bellied Imperial-pigeon or Celebes Zone-tailed Pigeon (Ducula forsteni)
These large pigeons are found on Sulawesi and several nearby islands in Indonesia. The specifics of their diet are not known, but they probably feed mostly on fruit like other members of their genus. They have been observed gathering in flocks of as many as 30 birds while feeding at fruit trees. Little is known about their breeding behavior, though it may be similar to related species.
July 11, 2018 – Northern Rufous Hornbill or Rufous Hornbill (Buceros hydrocorax)
Found in evergreen forests of Luzon and Marinduque in the northern Philippines, these birds and Southern Rufous Hornbills were previously considered a single species, known as the Great Philippine Hornbill. They eat fruit and seeds, along with some insects and centipedes, foraging in the canopy. As in other hornbill species, females seal themselves into nest cavities until their chicks fledge. They are classified as Vulnerable by the IUCN as their population has declined drastically in recent generations due to habitat loss and degradation, as well as hunting and trapping.
July 7, 2018 – Chestnut-backed Tanager (Tangara preciosa)
These tanagers are found in parts of Paraguay, Argentina, Brazil, and Uruguay. They eat fruits and arthropods, usually foraging in pairs and often joining mixed-species flocks. Little is known about their breeding behavior, but one of their nests was observed in an araucaria tree.