February 1, 2018 – Black-necked Red Cotinga (Phoenicircus nigricollis)
These cotingas are found in parts of Ecuador, Peru, Colombia, Venezuela, and Brazil. They eat mostly fruit, possibly along with some arthropods, sometimes congregating at fruiting trees. Little information has been recorded about their breeding behavior, but males are known to gather and call at leks.
January 28, 2018 – Cochabamba Mountain-finch (Poospiza garleppi)
These tanagers are found only in a small part of central Bolivia. They forage on the ground and in low shrubbery, feeding on seeds, insects, and possibly potatoes. Breeding during the rainy season, females build nests in shrubs, laying one or two eggs. They are classified as Endangered by the IUCN due to habitat loss and degradation.
January 24, 2018 – Palila (Loxioides bailleui)
These Hawaiian honeycreepers are only found on Mauna Kea mountain on the island of Hawai’i. Their finch-like beaks are adapted to feed on the pods of the Mamane tree, which make up 90% of their diet. They also feed on other parts of the Mamane tree, insects, and berries. Females construct nests from grasses, stems, roots, and bark and incubate clutches of two eggs, while males gather food. Both parents feed the chicks. They are classified as Critically Endangered by the IUCN and were one of the first species listed as endangered in the 1960s. Introduced sheep threaten their habitat, while predators, such as cats and mongooses, feed on their eggs. They are also at risk from introduced mosquito-borne diseases.
January 20, 2018 – Slaty Bristlefront (Merulaxis ater)
These tapaculos are found in southeastern Brazil. Their diet is not well documented, but similar species feed on invertebrates. Usually foraging in pairs, they keep in constant vocal contact. Their breeding season is thought to be from October to February, but their songs have also been recorded in July and September. They are classified as Near Threatened by the IUCN due to habitat loss and degradation.
January 16, 2018 – Yellow-eared Bulbul (Pycnonotus penicillatus)
These bulbuls are found only in the highlands of Sri Lanka. They eat fruit, gathering in trees with abundant food, sometimes foraging alongside mixed-species flocks. Breeding between February and May and between August and October, they build large cup-shaped nests from moss, leaf fragments, and other materials, lining them with ferns and rootlets. They are classified as Near Threatened by the IUCN due habitat loss and fragmentation in parts of their range.
January 12, 2018 – Golden-hooded Tanager (Tangara larvata)
These tanagers are found from Central America south to Colombia and Ecuador. They mostly eat fruits and berries, along with insects and other invertebrates. While feeding on large fruit they often hang upside down, tearing off pieces with their beaks. Both parents build the cup-shaped nests in trees, bushes, or sometimes in bunches of green bananas. Males usually bring food to females as they incubate the eggs. Older chicks may also help feed their younger siblings. Pairs often lay more than one clutch of eggs per year.
January 8, 2018 – African Blue-flycatcher or Blue Crested-flycatcher (Elminia longicauda)
These fairy flycatchers are found in forested habitats in a scattered range across central Africa. There are two recognized subspecies and a sister species, the White-tailed Blue-flycatcher. Their diet is mostly small invertebrates, such as bees, ants, termites, and beetles. They may be cooperative breeders.