AndeanLapwing

April 16, 2018 – Andean Lapwing (Vanellus resplendens)

These lapwings are found in the Andes from southwestern Colombia to northern Chile and northwestern Argentina. They eat insects and other invertebrates, including agricultural pests, hunting by sight and often foraging in groups. Laying their eggs mostly between October and December or sometimes in January or February, they nest in depressions on the ground lined with plant material.

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SenegalLapwing

March 3, 2018 – Senegal Lapwing, Lesser Black-winged Lapwing, or Lesser Black-winged Plover (Vanellus lugubris)

These lapwings are found in dry open habitats in parts of central and eastern Africa. Migrating within the continent, they move seasonally or in relation to brush fires, favoring burnt grassland areas with new sprouts. They eat small invertebrates, including termites, beetles, and spiders, along with some grass seeds, usually foraging in small flocks. They nest in loose colonies in scrapes on burnt ground, bare patches, or plowed land. Both parents incubate the eggs and care for the chicks, performing distraction displays to protect them from predators.

WhiteTailedLapwing

July 25, 2017 – White-tailed Lapwing or White-tailed Plover (Vanellus leucurus)

These lapwings are found in parts of the Middle East, northeastern Africa, and Asia. Their diet includes a variety of invertebrates, including beetles, grasshoppers, caterpillars, worms, and mollusks, as well as some small vertebrates. They capture prey near the water’s surface while wading, or sometimes while swimming, and also forage on dry ground. Breeding in small colonies, they build their nests in shallow scrapes, sometimes lined with plant material and surrounded by mud. Both parents care for the chicks and aggressively defend them from predators.

BlackHeadedLapwing

June 16, 2017 – Black-headed Lapwing or Black-headed Plover (Vanellus tectus)

Found across central Africa from Senegal to Ethiopia and Somalia, these lapwings frequent dry and grassy areas. They eat insects, including their larvae, and gastropods, foraging mostly at night. Their nests are scrapes in the ground and their breeding seasons vary by region. Their calls are described as metallic sounding and similar to those of the Spur-winged Lapwing.

GreyHeadedLapwing

June 7, 2017 – Grey-headed Lapwing or Grey-headed Plover (Vanellus cinereus)

Breeding in parts of northeastern and eastern China and neighboring areas of Russia and Japan, these lapwings winter in Nepal, northeast India, Bangladesh, southern China, and parts of Southeast Asia. Though their diet is poorly known, they likely eat insects, worms, and mollusks, foraging while wading. Monogamous pairs defend breeding territories in wetlands, building nests on the ground from grasses. Both parents incubate the eggs and defend the chicks. Multiple pairs may join defensive flocks to mob predators that enter their territories.

BandedLapwing

April 8, 2017 – Banded Lapwing (Vanellus tricolor)

These large plovers are found in much of western, southern, and eastern Australia, as well as Tasmania. They forage in very short grass for insects, worms, spiders, mollusks, and occasionally seeds, darting quickly after their prey. Breeding after rains, they build scrape nests on the ground, lining them with dry grasses and sometimes sheep droppings. Parents defend their nests aggressively, flying at humans that get too close and often using a broken-wing display to distract predators.

RiverLapwing

March 19, 2017 – River Lapwing (Vanellus duvaucelii)

These lapwings are found near large rivers and lakes in parts of South and Southeast Asia. They eat insects, worms, crustaceans, and mollusks and may also eat frogs and tadpoles. Performing courtship displays and nesting on the ground, they create a small scrape for their eggs. They are classified as Near Threatened by the IUCN due to nest disturbance and loss of their eggs and chicks to humans, dogs, livestock, and other animals, as well as habitat destruction from hydroelectric projects.