February 16, 2018 – Sacred Kingfisher (Todiramphus sanctus)
These small kingfishers are found in much of Australia and New Zealand, with some populations migrating to Indonesia and Melanesia. Though their diet varies depending on habitat, they feed on a variety of aquatic and terrestrial insects and small vertebrates, such as crabs, small fish, and lizards. Often seen alone or in pairs, large groups have been observed after the breeding season. They build their nests in a range of trees, cliffs, and sand banks, excavating them by repeatedly flying into the nest sites to chisel an initial hole with their bills, then digging out the rest of the cavity. Females do the majority of the incubation, but both parents care for the chicks.
January 17, 2018 – Ringed Kingfisher (Megaceryle torquata)
These large kingfishers are widespread throughout parts of Mexico and much of Central and South America. Their diet is mainly fish, but also includes amphibians, reptiles, crabs, insects, small mammals and birds, and berries. They search for prey from perches or while hovering above the water. Usually solitary nesters, they sometimes form nesting colonies. Their nests are tunnels carved into banks, usually near water. Both parents construct the nests, incubate the eggs, and feed the chicks.
September 15, 2017 – Black-billed Kingfisher or Great-billed Kingfisher (Pelargopsis melanorhyncha)
These kingfishers are found only in Indonesia, on and around the island of Sulawesi. They eat mostly crabs and crayfish, hunting from a perch above shallow water and returning to it after diving to capture their prey. Little is known about their breeding habits, though birds in breeding condition have been observed in September. They are classified by the IUCN as a species of Least concern, but their population is thought to be declining due to habitat destruction.
July 29, 2017 – Half-collared Kingfisher (Alcedo semitorquata)
Found in parts of southern and eastern Africa, these kingfishers frequent rivers, streams, and estuaries. They eat small fish, crabs, frogs, and aquatic insects and their larvae, hunting from a perch, then diving into the water to catch their prey. Pairs dig nest burrows in riverbanks and both parents incubate the eggs.
May 29, 2017 – Green-backed Kingfisher or Blue-headed Kingfisher (Actenoides monachus)
These kingfishers are found only in north and central Sulawesi in Indonesia. They eat invertebrates, especially large centipedes and beetles, often hunting from perches. Not much is known about their breeding behavior, but they are thought to lay their eggs between February and March. They are classified as Near Threatened by the IUCN due to destruction of forests in their range.
November 14, 2016 – Banded Kingfisher (Lacedo pulchella)
Requested by: @thefireinthewire
These tree kingfishers are found in Southeast Asia, in parts of Myanmar, Vietnam, Thailand, and Indonesia. They eat a variety of insects, including grasshoppers, katydids, and crickets. Laying their eggs between January and May, they dig into rotting tree trunks and possibly stream banks to build their nests. Their call is a long whistled “wheeeoo” sound which they usually make from high perches.
September 18, 2016 – Forest Kingfisher (Todiramphus macleayii)
These kingfishers are found in northern and eastern Australia. They eat a variety of invertebrates, as well as small lizards, frogs, and worms. Hunting mostly from low perches, they drop onto prey on the ground, catch it in the air, or pluck it from shallow water, returning to a perch to eat. Monogamous pairs build nests together in tree cavities, banks, the roots of fallen trees, or arboreal termite mounds. When building in termite nests, each bird flies directly at the mound with their beak pointed forward, slowly excavating a nest chamber with a short, sloped tunnel at the entrance. Both parents and several helpers from the last breeding season incubate the eggs and feed the chicks.