August 9, 2019 – Scrub Tanager (Tangara vitriolina)
These tanagers are found in open habitats in the Andes in parts of Colombia and Ecuador. They feed on fruits and arthropods, usually foraging in pairs. Females lay clutches of two eggs in nests built high in trees. Relatively common in their range, they have expanded into other areas due to an increase in suitable habitat caused by deforestation.
August 8, 2019 – Saunders’s Tern (Sternula saundersi)
Found along the coasts of eastern Africa, Madagascar, and parts of the Middle East and South Asia, as well as in the Maldives and Seychelles, these terns are rarely seen inland. They eat small fish, crustaceans, mollusks, and insects, capturing most of their prey by plunging into the water after hovering. They nest on islands and beaches, breeding in loose colonies of five to thirty pairs, or as solitary pairs. Their nests are hollows in sand, mud, or shingle near the water.
August 7, 2019 – Red-ruffed Fruitcrow (Pyroderus scutatus)
These large cotingas are found in several separate ranges in northern, western, and eastern South America in parts of Argentina, Brazil, Ecuador, Paraguay, Peru, Colombia, Guyana, and Venezuela. They feed on fruit and large insects, which they catch in flight or from a perch. Breeding between March and July, males display in leks, making low, booming calls while fluffing up the feathers of their throats.
August 6, 2019 – Bay-breasted Warbler (Setophaga castanea)
Breeding in central and eastern Canada, these warblers migrate through the eastern United States, eastern Mexico and Central America, and parts of the Caribbean, to winter in northwestern South America. They feed mostly on insects and spiders, especially the larvae and pupae of the Spruce Budworm, plucking prey from foliage while perched or hovering, or sometimes capturing it in short flights. During the fall and winter they also eat a variety of berries and other fruit, along with some nectar, often joining mixed-species flocks. Pairs build cup-shaped nests from bark, twigs, dry grass, lichen, rootlets, and other materials, though females do the majority of the construction. Both parents incubate the eggs and feed the chicks.
August 5, 2019 – Plaintive Cuckoo or Rufous-bellied Plaintive Cuckoo (Cacomantis merulinus)
These cuckoos are found in parts of South Asia, southern China, and much of Southeast Asia. They mostly feed on insects, including caterpillars, beetles, and termites. Like many cuckoo species, they are brood parasites, laying their eggs in the nests of other species of birds, including ioras, prinias, tailorbirds, and cisticolas. Females may eat one or more of the host bird’s eggs after laying their own and the chicks often push other nestlings and eggs from the nest.
August 4, 2019 – Pygmy Cormorant (Microcarbo pygmaeus)
Found in a spotty range in parts of southeast Europe and southwest Asia, these cormorants live near lakes, rivers, and other freshwater habitats. They eat mostly fish, along with some small mammals and invertebrates, hunting in shallow water alone or in small groups. Nesting in large colonies, often with other cormorant species, egrets, herons, and other birds, they build deep cup-shaped nests from sticks and reeds in trees, bushes, reedbeds, or on floating vegetation.
August 3, 2019 – Madagascar White-eye or Malagasy White-eye (Zosterops maderaspatanus)
Found in Madagascar and on some nearby islands in Mayotte, the Seychelles and the Comoros, these white-eyes live in a variety of wooded habitats. They eat mostly insects, including beetles, caterpillars, flies, and ants, along with some fruits and flowers, foraging in small flocks. Breeding from mid-September to March, they build deep cup-shaped nests from grass, rootlets, and other materials.