February 4, 2019 – Ivory-billed Araçari (Pteroglossus azara)
These small aracaris are found in parts of Colombia, Venezuela, Brazil, Ecuador, Peru, and Bolivia. They feed on fruits, especially from fig and cecropia trees, along with some flying insects, foraging alone, in pairs, or in small flocks. Pairs nest in tree cavities, incubating the eggs and caring for the chicks together, possibly assisted by young from their previous broods or other adults.
February 3, 2019 – Himalayan Flameback or Himalayan Goldenback (Dinopium shorii)
These woodpeckers are found in parts of India, Bhutan, Bangladesh, Nepal, and Myanmar. The details of their diet are not known, though they probably eat invertebrates, like other woodpecker species, and are known to forage in mixed-species flocks. Breeding between March and May, they lay clutches of two or three eggs in nest cavities excavated in trees. Though they are considered a species of Least Concern by the IUCN, their population may be at risk due to deforestation.
February 2, 2019 – Black-and-white Seedeater (Sporophila luctuosa)
These seedeaters are found in the Andes, in parts of Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, and Bolivia. Often joining mixed-species flocks, they frequent grassy areas near the edges of forests and along roads. They feed on seeds, including those of bamboo, often clinging to stems while foraging. Breeding in loose colonies in grassy and scrubby clearings, males sing from elevated perches and perform courtship displays which involve spreading their wings and tails.
February 1, 2019 – Wattled Jacana (Jacana jacana)
Found in parts of southern Central America and much of eastern and central South America, these jacanas live in freshwater wetlands with floating vegetation. They feed mostly on insects and other invertebrates, as well as small vertebrates, including fish and amphibians. A polyandrous species, females are larger than males and will breed with and defend up to four mates. Males build the nests on floating plants, where they incubate the eggs and care for the chicks.
January 31, 2019 – Russet-crowned Warbler (Myiothlypis coronata)
These warblers are found in parts of the Andes from northwest Venezuela and Colombia through Ecuador and Peru to Bolivia. They eat mostly invertebrates, picking them from the foliage at low to middle levels of the forest, usually foraging in pairs and often joining mixed-species flocks. Probably breeding between February and October, they build domed cup nests from grass, plant fibers, moss, rootlets, and other plant materials.
January 30, 2019 – White-bellied Erpornis or White-bellied Yuhina (Erpornis zantholeuca)
Found through parts of South Asia, southern China, and Southeast Asia, these birds have recently been found to be in the vireo family and not closely related to the yuhinas. They eat insects and their larvae, including grasshoppers and small caterpillars, along with berries, figs, nectar, and seeds. Generally seen alone or in pairs, they often join mixed-species flocks with warblers or babblers. Their nests are small cradles made of grass, moss, and leaves.
January 29, 2019 – African Desert Warbler (Sylvia deserti)
Found in northwestern Africa, these warblers were previously lumped with the Asian Desert Warbler as a single species, known as the Desert Warbler. They mostly eat small insects, along with some seeds and berries, often foraging on the ground. Probably breeding from January to early March, they build their nests in low bushes.