September 7, 2018 – Creamy-crested Spinetail (Cranioleuca albicapilla)

In the ovenbird family, these spinetails are found only in a small area of the Peruvian Andes. Feeding on arthropods, they mostly forage in pairs, picking their prey from branches and trunks and sometimes joining mixed-species flocks. They build hanging ball-shaped nests with entrances on the bottom from moss, twigs, and bark.



September 6, 2018 – Sooty Gull or Hemprich’s Gull (Larus hemprichii)

These gulls are found in and around the coasts of the Red Sea, Gulf of Aden, Persian Gulf, and Gulf of Oman as far east as southern Pakistan and as far south as northern Kenya. They eat dead fish and offal, along with the eggs and chicks of other seabirds, turtle hatchlings, small fish, and prawns. Pairs usually nest in colonies, sometimes with other species, building scrapes on the ground.


September 5, 2018 – Turquoise Jay (Cyanolyca turcosa)

Found from southwestern Colombia, through central Ecuador, to northern Peru, these jays live in mountainous humid cloud forests and elfin forests. Little is known about their diet, but they are thought to feed mostly on insects, foraging in small groups of two to six and often joining mixed-species flocks. They build nests from moss and other materials in forked branches of trees.


September 4, 2018 – Coral-billed Scimitar-babbler (Pomatorhinus ferruginosus)

These scimitar-babblers are found in eastern Nepal, northeast India, Bhutan, and southern China. They feed on insects and their larvae, along with some plants, foraging in pairs or small flocks. Breeding between April and June, they build oval-shaped nests from the dry leaves of bamboo and other plants, as well as grasses, plant fibers, and other materials. Though they are classified as a species of Least Concern by the IUCN, their population is though to be decreasing due to habitat destruction and fragmentation.


September 3, 2018 – Tibetan Bunting (Emberiza koslowi)

These buntings are found in a small area of the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau in China. Their diet has not been studied much, but they likely eat mostly seeds and grains in the winter and insects during the breeding season. Very little is known about their breeding behavior, though they nest on the ground and their breeding season may begin in late June or early July. They are classified as Near Threatened by the IUCN as they are quite rare in their relatively small range.


September 2, 2018 – Barred Rail (Gallirallus torquatus)

These rails are found in the Philippines and Indonesia. They spend most of their time in open grasslands and swamps, including rice and corn fields. Little is known about their diet, but many rails feed on invertebrates. Building their nests on the ground, they lay clutches of three to five eggs.


September 1, 2018 – Crimson-breasted Flowerpecker (Prionochilus percussus)

These flowerpeckers are found in parts of Myanmar, Malaysia, Thailand, and Indonesia. They eat fruits, including berries and figs, crushing the berries before eating them, and puncturing larger fruits to access the pulp. They may also feed on nectar, pollen, and insects.