July 27, 2017 – Grey-backed Thrush (Turdus hortulorum)
These thrushes breed in southeastern Russia and northeastern China, migrating through North and South Korea and wintering in southeast China and northern Vietnam. They eat insects, snails, and fruit, foraging on the ground. Breeding from May to the middle of August, they build cup-shaped nests from grass, mud, and dry stems, low in the branches of trees.
July 26, 2017 – Zapata Sparrow (Torreornis inexpectata)
These sparrows are found only in three separate ranges in western, north central, and southeastern Cuba. They eat insects, seeds, small fruits, small lizards, and in one part of their range, the eggs of apple snails. Pairs build cup-shaped nests from grass and other vegetation near the ground. They are classified as Endangered by the IUCN due to their small isolated populations and habitat loss.
July 25, 2017 – White-tailed Lapwing or White-tailed Plover (Vanellus leucurus)
These lapwings are found in parts of the Middle East, northeastern Africa, and Asia. Their diet includes a variety of invertebrates, including beetles, grasshoppers, caterpillars, worms, and mollusks, as well as some small vertebrates. They capture prey near the water’s surface while wading, or sometimes while swimming, and also forage on dry ground. Breeding in small colonies, they build their nests in shallow scrapes, sometimes lined with plant material and surrounded by mud. Both parents care for the chicks and aggressively defend them from predators.
July 24, 2017 – Fawn-breasted Tanager (Pipraeidea melanonota)
These tanagers are found in parts of northwestern, central, and eastern South America. Foraging in pairs or alone, they eat berries, fruit pulp, seeds, flowers, buds, and insects. Their nests are cup-shaped and built on horizontal branches, hidden by moss and plants growing on the trees. Both parents care for the chicks.
July 23, 2017 – Green Shrike-babbler (Pteruthius xanthochlorus)
These small birds are found in Bhutan, China, India, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan, and Vietnam, in temperate broadleaf and conifer forests. They eat insects, including ants and beetles, as well as some berries and seeds, foraging alone, in pairs, or in small flocks. Breeding from April to August, they build purse or cradle-shaped nests from root fibers, lichen or moss, and other materials. Though they are classified as a species of Least Concern by the IUCN, their population is thought to be declining due to habitat destruction and fragmentation.
July 22, 2017 – Black-capped Warbling-Finch (Poospiza melanoleuca or Microspingus melanoleucus)
These warbling-finches are found in central southern South America from Bolivia to northern Argentina. They eat seeds, fruits, and flowers, along with some invertebrates, foraging mostly in shrubs and scrub. Their nests are cup-shaped and built from dry grasses and plant fibers.
July 21, 2017 – Plumbeous Rail (Pardirallus sanguinolentus)
These rails are found near water in parts of central and southern South America from southern Ecuador to Tierra del Fuego. They eat grubs, worms, and insects, foraging during dawn, dusk, and sometimes at night. Pairs sing duets with males making high-pitched squealing sounds, while females make a low rumbling sound. Usually breeding between October and January, depending on the area of their range, they build their nests near water from dry grasses.