July 6, 2018 – White-cheeked Bushtit or White-cheeked Tit (Aegithalos leucogenys)
Found in dry scrubby forests in parts of Afghanistan, Pakistan, and possibly India, these small birds are in the long-tailed tit family. Feeding on insects and spiders, they forage mostly in bushes and young trees. They breed from late March to May, when pairs collect materials together to build their oval-shaped nests with side entrances.
July 5, 2018 – Citron-headed Yellow-finch (Sicalis luteocephala)
These tanagers are found in the Andes in Bolivia and part of northern Argentina. Usually seen foraging on the ground, their diet is not well known but is mostly made up of seeds. They likely breed in colonies, constructing their nests in dirt banks.
July 4, 2018 – White-capped Albatross (Thalassarche steadi)
Breeding on several islands in the Auckland and Antipodes Island groups, these albatrosses spend the rest of the year in the south Atlantic and Indian Oceans and in the waters around southern Australia. They eat fish, cephalopods, crustaceans, and tunicates and often follow fishing ships to feed on offal. Probably breeding every two years, they nest in colonies on rocky islands. They are classified as Near Threatened by the IUCN mainly due to threats from longline and trawl fisheries.
July 3, 2018 – Geelvink Fruit-dove (Ptilinopus speciosus)
Found on several islands in Geelvink Bay in northwestern New Guinea, these doves were previously considered a subspecies of the Yellow-banded Fruit-dove. Like other fruit doves, they feed on fruits, but little else is known about their diet. Not much is known about their breeding behavior, but they are thought to build flimsy platform nests from twigs and vines.
July 2, 2018 – Spectacled Finch or Red-browed Finch (Callacanthis burtoni)
These finches are found from eastern Afghanistan and northwestern Pakistan through the western and central Himalayas to northern India and eastern Nepal. Feeding mostly on the seeds, buds, and shoots of trees, including spruces and cedars, they also eat some berries and rhododendron bark. They spend most of their time on the ground in vegetation. Monogamous pairs nest between May and August, holding small breeding territories and caring for their chicks together.
July 1, 2018 – Bay-winged Cowbird or Greyish Baywing (Agelaioides badius)
These cowbirds are found in southeastern South America in parts of Bolivia, Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay, and Argentina. They eat insects and other invertebrates, along with some seeds and are usually seen in small flocks. Pairs nest in cavities, sometimes including the old nests of woodpeckers, thornbirds, kiskadees, or other bird species, lining them with grasses and other fibers. Females seem to do most of the incubation and both parents feed the chicks, usually assisted by several young helper birds. Though they raise their own chicks, their nests are frequently parasitized by the Screaming Cowbird and sometimes the Shiny Cowbird.
June 30, 2018 – Caspian Plover (Charadrius asiaticus)
Breeding in central Asia, especially in the north and east of the Caspian Sea, these plovers migrate up to 6,000 miles (9,656 kilometers) to winter in eastern and Southern Africa. They eat mostly insects and their larvae, often foraging in grasslands, pastures, and urban areas. Nesting in scrapes on the ground lined with grass and stones, females incubate the eggs during the day and males incubate them at night. The chicks can fly about a month after they hatch.