March 23, 2017 – Australian Pelican or Spectacled Pelican (Pelecanus conspicillatus)
Requested by: @gepwin
These pelicans are found in much of Australia, Indonesia, New Guinea, the Solomon Islands, Vanuatu, New Caledonia, and New Zealand. Though they mostly eat fish, they have also been observed eating insects, small crustaceans, and small birds, reptiles, and amphibians. Often forming flocks of up to 1,900 birds to feed, they work together to drive fish into a concentrated mass or force them into shallow water. Females build nests on the ground in large colonies by lining scrapes with sticks, seaweed, grassy herbs, and refuse. Both parents incubate the eggs, warming them on their feet. As they grow, the chicks leave their nests to join crèches, or groups, of as many as 100 young birds. Parents continue to feed only their own chicks within the groups until they become independent.