December 29, 2016 – Sooty Shearwater (Ardenna grisea or Puffinus griseus)
Requested by: @crabbiey
These shearwaters are found across most of the world’s oceans, excluding the Arctic and Indian Oceans. Their diet varies by region, but is mainly fish and crustaceans, along with squid and jellyfish in some areas. Large flocks fish by diving into the water from several feet in the air and propelling themselves with their wings beneath the surface. They also dive from the surface, or hunt while sitting on the water. Traveling a distance of around 40,000 miles (65,000 kilometers) during migration, they breed on the islands surrounding Australia, New Zealand, and the southern tip of South America. They build their nests in large colonies consisting of a network of burrows, each of which can be up to 10 feet (3 meters) long. Both parents incubate the eggs and care for the chicks, often returning to the same nesting site each year.