December 9, 2016 – Asian Crested Ibis, Japanese Crested Ibis, or Toki (Nipponia nippon)

Though historically these ibises were found across most of Asia and Russia, their current population is restricted to the Shaanxi province of central China. They eat a variety of aquatic animals, such as freshwater fish, eels, amphibians, and crustaceans, along with aquatic insects and other invertebrates. They currently nest in pairs, but reports indicate they may have nested in small colonies before their numbers declined. Their nests are large platforms made of twigs, leaves, and hay. Both males and females incubate the eggs and care for the chicks. Classified as Endangered by the IUCN due to deforestation and habitat destruction, the species was believed to be extinct in the wild in 1981, with a population of around seven individuals found later that year in a remote mountainous area of the Shaanxi province. They have made a remarkable recovery, with over 600 birds now living in China.


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