November 30, 2016 – Crimson-crested Woodpecker (Campephilus melanoleucos)
These large woodpeckers are found in Panama and across much of northern South America as far south as northern Argentina. They eat insects and some fruits, using a variety of foraging behaviors, including tapping to locate prey by sound, pecking sideways to remove large chunks of bark, digging into rotten wood, and reaching into cavities with their beaks and spear-shaped tongues. Often traveling in pairs, they perform drumming duets and bill touching as courtship displays. They excavate nest cavities together and both parents gather food for the chicks.