November 23, 2016 – Northern Fulmar, Fulmar, or Arctic Fulmar (Fulmarus glacialis)
These fulmars are abundant in the subarctic regions of the northern Atlantic and Pacific oceans. They eat fish, squid, zooplankton, and other marine animals and follow fishing boats to scavenge discarded fish offal. They capture most of their food just below the water’s surface as they swim, but will also dive up to 12 feet (3.5 meters) in search of prey. Their nests are shallow scrapes on the ground built in large colonies on cliff ledges and hillsides. Both parents incubate the eggs and feed the chicks. If the nest is threatened, either parent or the chicks defend it by spitting foul smelling oil at predators.