November 29, 2015 – Little Gull (Hydrocoloeus minutus or Larus minutus)

These small gulls are found in northern Europe and Asia and have also established some small colonies in North America. Their presence in North America is recent, with the first record of them nesting on the continent in 1962. They feed primarily on insects, including dragonflies, midges, and beetles, and during the winter catch small fish and aquatic invertebrates. They form small breeding colonies near freshwater lakes and ponds with dense vegetation. Parents work together to build nests in shallow depressions from grass, leaves, and weeds and both feed the chicks. They are the smallest species of gull in the world.